SEOUL, Korea, Republic Of — South Korea said Wednesday it plans to send 50,000 tons of rice to North Korea through the World Food Program, in its second aid package announced in past weeks as it seeks to help with North Korean food shortages and improve bilateral relations.
South Korean Unification Minister Kim Yeon-chul, Seoul's point man for North Korea, said his government will work with the U.N. agency to ensure that the food reaches North Korean people without delay. South Korea last week sent $8 million to the World Food Program and the United Nations Children's Fund for programs providing medical and nutritional aid for North Korean children and pregnant women.
U.N. agencies last month said that about 10 million people were facing "severe food shortages" after one of North Korea's worst harvests in a decade. Kim said South Korea will decide whether to provide more food aid after reviewing the outcome of the current assistance.
Kim said South Korea and WFP are reviewing how to send the South Korean-produced rice to North Korea, but that a delivery by sea would be more effective than air transport.
"Considering previous cases, it would take about two months to send 50,000 tons of rice (to North Korea)," Kim said in a news conference. "The government will do its best so that (the rice arrives in the North) possibly within September."
Seoul's announcement came a day before Chinese President Xi Jinping was to travel to Pyongyang for a summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, a visit experts say will likely be accompanied by Chinese assistance in food, fertilizer and medicine.
North Korea has significantly reduced its dialogue and engagement with South Korea since February, when a nuclear summit between leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump collapsed over disagreements on sanctions relief and disarmament.
While South Korean President Moon Jae-in has expressed hope that South Korean aid will help thaw bilateral relations, it remains to be seen whether Seoul's packages would facilitate diplomacy when the North has been demanding much bigger things from the South, such as the resumption of inter-Korean economic projects held back by U.S.-led sanctions against the North.
The $8 million sent to the WFP and UNICEF was the first time the South provided humanitarian aid to the North through an international agency since 2015, when it gave $800,000 to a U.N. Population Fund project to evaluate North Korean public health conditions.
Moon's government first proposed to provide the money in 2017, but the plans were halted amid a series of North Korean weapons tests before Seoul reaffirmed its commitment to the plans in May. An abrupt turn toward diplomacy in 2018 saw Kim meet with Trump twice and three times with Moon.
Kim Tong-Hyung, The Associated Press